Anyone can download and read Stephen Hawking’s 1966 doctoral thesis “Properties of expanding universes” now that the scientist has given permission for it to be open access.
Hawking is a theoretical physicist famous for his research in relativity and black holes. The 134-page dissertation, written when Hawking was only 24, is the most-requested item at the Cambridge library, according to the university. About 200 requests have been made for it since May 2016; the next most requested thesis was requested 13 times. People had to pay $85 for a digital copy of Hawking’s thesis, or physically go to the library, but now it’s free for download at the University of Cambridge's Open Access repository Apollo.
Since Cambridge made the thesis available to everyone, more than 60,000 people have accessed the work, which has caused the website to occasionally crash.
In a statement, Hawking said that he hoped the thesis would “inspire people around the world to look up at the stars and not down at their feet,” and added that everyone should have free access to all research.
The dissertation of Stefan Binder MA (Religious Studies) is an anthropological study of an organised atheist movement in the two South Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
This movement consists of groups and individuals who self-identify as atheists, rationalists, or humanists and engage in various forms of public activism aiming at the reconstruction of an equal, just, and rational society by practically realising atheism as a comprehensive and constructive way of life. Atheists tend to conceptualise these endeavours of practical implementation and social reconstruction as being premised on a complete 'mental revolution' (Telugu: bhavaviplavam) in oneself and others.
The main analytical focus of this dissertation lies not only on the relationship between concepts and practices but also on how atheists themselves conceptualise this relationship. The data for this study were collected in thirteen months of ethnographic research in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana (participant observation, semi-structured qualitative interviews, informal conversations) as well as systematic analyses of the literature published mostly in Telugu by members and associates of the movement.