Chapter 15 The Urinary System Short Answer Essay Template

  • 1. 

    Which is not a major function of the kidney?

    • A. 

      Regulation of blood ionic composition

    • B. 

      Regulation of blood cell size

    • C. 

      Regulation of blood volume

    • D. 

      Reulation of blood pressure

    • E. 

  • 2. 

    This is the formation of a new glucose molecule.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 3. 

    Which of the following is a waste product normally excreted by the kidneys?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 4. 

    This is smooth dense irregular connective tissue that is continuous with the outer coat of the ureter.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 5. 

    The protion of the kidney that extends between the renal pyramids is called the

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 6. 

    Which is the correct order of the blood flow?

    • A. 

      Renal artery - segmental artery - interlobular artery - peitubular capillaries - afferent arterioles

    • B. 

      Interlobular areteries - arcuate arteries - glomerular capillaries - arcuate veins

    • C. 

      Arcuate veins - arcuate arteries - glomerular capillaries - renal vein

    • D. 

      Interlobar veins - afferent arterioles - efferent arterioles - glomerular capillaries

    • E. 

      Renal vein - segmental arteries - interlobar arteries - efferent arterioles

  • 7. 

    Wihch is the correct order of the filtrate flow?

    • A. 

      Glomerular capsule - PCT - loop of Henle - DCT - collecting duct

    • B. 

      Loop of Henle - glomerular capsule - PCT - DCT - collecting duct

    • C. 

      Ascending limb of the loop - PCT - DCT - collecting duct

    • D. 

      Collecting duct - DCT - PCT - loop of Henle - glomerular capsule

    • E. 

      PCT - glomerular capsule - DCT - collecting duct - loop of Henle

  • 8. 

    Which structure of the nephron reabsorbs the most substances?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

      Ascending limb of the loop of Henle

    • D. 

    • E. 

      Proximal convoluted tubule

  • 9. 

    This is the structure of the nephron that filters blood.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 10. 

    This term means entry of substances into the body from the filtrate.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 11. 

    This is a nephron process that results in a substance in blood entering the already formed filtrate.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 12. 

    This layer of filtration membrane is composed of collagen fibres and proteoglycans in a glycoprotein matrix.

    • A. 

      Glomerular endothelial cells

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 13. 

    This occurs when stretching triggers contraction of smooth muscle walls in afferent arterioles.

    • A. 

    • B. 

      Tubuloglomerular feedback

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

      Capsular hydrostatic pressure

  • 14. 

    This is when a substance passes from the fluid in the tubular lumen through the apical membrane then across the cytosol into the interstitial fluid.

    • A. 

      Paracellular reabsorption

    • B. 

      Transcellular reabsorption

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 15. 

    Once fluid enters the proximal convoluted tubule

    • A. 

    • B. 

      It has a higher K+ concentration

    • C. 

      It is called tubular fluid

    • D. 

    • E. 

      It is headed to the ascending loop

  • 16. 

    The proximal convoluted tubules reabsrob what percentage of filtered water?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 17. 

    Which of the following is a way angiotensin II affects the kidneys?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

      It enhances reabsorption of certain ions

    • D. 

      It suppresses the release of aldosterone

    • E. 

      It stimulates the release of calcitriol

  • 18. 

    Urea recycling can cause a build up of urea in the

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 19. 

    Increased secretion of hydrogen ions would result in a ________________ of blood ________________.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 20. 

    Increased secretion of aldosterone would result in a ____________ of blood _____________.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 21. 

    The ascending loop of Henle is impermeable to

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 22. 

    An analysis of the physical, chemical and microscopic properties of urine is called

    • A. 

    • B. 

      Microscopy, culture, sensitivity

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 23. 

    In average, water accounts for what percentage of the total volume of urine?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 24. 

    This is a test to measure kidney function.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 25. 

    This transports urine from the kidney to the bladder.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 26. 

    This layer of the ureter is composed of connective tissue, elastic and collagen fibres.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 27. 

    This lies in the anterior corner of the trigone of the bladder.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

      Internal urethral orifice

    • E. 

  • 28. 

    This is composed of dense irregular tissue that runs continuous with the ureter.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 29. 

    This layer's main funciton is to protect the kidney from trauma and hold it in place within the abdominal cavity.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 30. 

    This layer runs deep to the peritoneum on the anterior surface of the kidneys.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

  • 31. 

    This can be divided into the corticla zone and the juxtamedullary zone.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 32. 

    Where is the parenchyma?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 33. 

    Each kidney can have anywhere from 8 to 18 of these.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 34. 

    This is where the hilum extends into the kidney.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 35. 

    Urine formed by the nephrons first drains into these.

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 36. 

    What two structures comprise the renal corpuscle?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 37. 

    Where is the distal convoluted tubule?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 38. 

    Where is the arcuate vein?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 39. 

    Where is the ascending limb of the Loop of Henle?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 40. 

    Where is the corticomedullary junction?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 41. 

    Where is the papillary duct?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 42. 

    What does line 'M' point to?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 43. 

    What is line 'C' pointing to?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 44. 

    What is line 'A' pointing to?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 45. 

    What is line 'B' pointing to?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 46. 

    What is line 'C' pointing to?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 47. 

    What is line 'D' pointing to?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • 48. 

    What pathological condition is NOT something that can be caused by renal failure?

    • A. 

    • B. 

    • C. 

    • D. 

    • E. 

  • - Fino. Jerez. Откуда-то сверху накатывали приглушенные волны классической музыки. Бранденбургский концерт, - подумал Беккер.  - Номер четыре.

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